Asian art

Buddha Buddhism Cambodie

Antique Buddha Statues From Cambodia

Cambodia was the center of the Funan kingdom, which expanded into Burma and as far south as

bodhisattva-lokesvara-staute

Malaysia between the 3rd and 6th centuries. Its influence seems to have been essentially political, most of the cultural influence coming directly from India. Buddhist art occurred from a very early period (sixth-seventh century) in the Mekong delta region of modern-day Cambodia and Vietnam). Stylistically, this material prefigures the Khmer art created farther inland in what is now Cambodia. The extant works suggest that Cambodia, like other regions of Southeast Asia, knew of both Early Buddhist and Mahayana practices: images of bodhisattvas coexist with those of the Buddha.

In the ninth century, Jayavarman II (802) established the Khmer Angkorian kingdom in the region around present day Siem Reap. While generally Hindu, the Khmer royalty revered their ancestors, building monuments to commemorate them. They also established temples to the various Hindu gods, particularly Shiva, with whom they identified. Material remains suggest that Buddhism continued during the extent of the kingdom of Angkor (into the fourteenth century), but it was most evident in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, under the reign of Jayavarman VII (1181- c.1220).

A prolific builder and a Mahayana practitioner, Jayavarman VII constructed dozens of extensive temple complexes dedicated to the Buddha. One common image of the Buddha from this period depicts him with two bodhisattvasLokeshvara (who represents karuna, compassion) and Prajnaparamita (who represents prajna, wisdom). One tenet of Mahayana Buddhism is that one can attain enlightenment through the joining of wisdom and compassion, a belief given form in this triad (plate 39). Jayavarman’ commitment to this ideal is suggested in this construction of three temples: the firstm Ta Prohm, dedicated to his mother in the form of Prajnaparamita: Preah Khan, dedicated to his father in the form ofLokeshvara; and the Bayon, dedicated to himself. We can surmise that this last was dedicated to Jayavarman VII as the Buddha.

Sculptural reliefs at twelfth- and thirteenth-century Buddhist temples were destroyed during the fourteenth century, suggesting a period of persecution against Buddhist. One author has suggested that this was retribution carried out by Theravada Buddhists against the Mahayana Buddhism that Jayavarman VII had embraced. A more common interpretation is that Hindus persecuted the Buddhists, and recarving of some Buddha images as Shiva lingas (Shiva’s phallus) may well substantiate this second assertion. What happened will probably never known with certainty, but the fourteenth century was the period when Cambodia became a Theravada Buddhist country.

With this rich history, Cambodian Buddhist art and antique Buddha statues are rare items currently. If you are willing to get any of these rare pieces of art, do visit our online catalog.

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Buddha Statues in our catalog

Early bronze Thai Ayutthaya Buddha statue

Early bronze Thai Ayutthaya Buddha statue

3,950 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Shan Buddha

Antique wooden Burmese Shan Buddha

1,650 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

275 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Shan Buddha

Antique wooden Burmese Shan Buddha

1,850 euro
Old bronze Nepali Aparmita Buddha

Old bronze Nepali Aparmita Buddha

275 euro
Antique wooden Laos Buddha statue

Antique wooden Laos Buddha statue

125 euro
Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

275 euro
High quality bronze Burmese Mandalay Buddha

High quality bronze Burmese Mandalay Buddha

7,500 euro
15th century bronze Laos Buddha statue

15th century bronze Laos Buddha statue

3,500 euro
Antique bronze Burmese Shan Buddha

Antique bronze Burmese Shan Buddha

1,500 euro
Special large bronze Buddha statue

Special large bronze Buddha statue

15,500 euro
Antique bronze Burmese Buddha statue

Antique bronze Burmese Buddha statue

1,000 euro
Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

800 euro
Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha

Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha

500 euro
Very beautiful antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

Very beautiful antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

8,500 euro
Antique bronze Burmese Buddha statue

Antique bronze Burmese Buddha statue

2,750 euro
Antique wooden Laos Buddha statue

Antique wooden Laos Buddha statue

1,900 euro
Antique Buddha statue without face

Antique Buddha statue without face

175 euro
Special early bronze Thai Chiang Saen Buddha

Special early bronze Thai Chiang Saen Buddha

6,500 euro
Old bronze Nepali Samantabhadra statue

Old bronze Nepali Samantabhadra statue

950 euro
Antique Burmese Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Buddha statue

150 euro
Antique Thai bronze Buddha on Naga snake

Antique Thai bronze Buddha on Naga snake

550 euro
Bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

Bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

200 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha

Antique wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha

2,450 euro
Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

1,750 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Shan Buddha

Antique wooden Burmese Shan Buddha

250 euro
Old Burmese Buddha statue

Old Burmese Buddha statue

1,400 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

175 euro
Old bronze Nepali Maitreya Buddha

Old bronze Nepali Maitreya Buddha

1,600 euro
Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

1,100 euro
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