Asian art

Buddha Buddhism Cambodie

Antique Buddha Statues From Cambodia

Cambodia was the center of the Funan kingdom, which expanded into Burma and as far south as

bodhisattva-lokesvara-staute

Malaysia between the 3rd and 6th centuries. Its influence seems to have been essentially political, most of the cultural influence coming directly from India. Buddhist art occurred from a very early period (sixth-seventh century) in the Mekong delta region of modern-day Cambodia and Vietnam). Stylistically, this material prefigures the Khmer art created farther inland in what is now Cambodia. The extant works suggest that Cambodia, like other regions of Southeast Asia, knew of both Early Buddhist and Mahayana practices: images of bodhisattvas coexist with those of the Buddha.

In the ninth century, Jayavarman II (802) established the Khmer Angkorian kingdom in the region around present day Siem Reap. While generally Hindu, the Khmer royalty revered their ancestors, building monuments to commemorate them. They also established temples to the various Hindu gods, particularly Shiva, with whom they identified. Material remains suggest that Buddhism continued during the extent of the kingdom of Angkor (into the fourteenth century), but it was most evident in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, under the reign of Jayavarman VII (1181- c.1220).

A prolific builder and a Mahayana practitioner, Jayavarman VII constructed dozens of extensive temple complexes dedicated to the Buddha. One common image of the Buddha from this period depicts him with two bodhisattvasLokeshvara (who represents karuna, compassion) and Prajnaparamita (who represents prajna, wisdom). One tenet of Mahayana Buddhism is that one can attain enlightenment through the joining of wisdom and compassion, a belief given form in this triad (plate 39). Jayavarman’ commitment to this ideal is suggested in this construction of three temples: the firstm Ta Prohm, dedicated to his mother in the form of Prajnaparamita: Preah Khan, dedicated to his father in the form ofLokeshvara; and the Bayon, dedicated to himself. We can surmise that this last was dedicated to Jayavarman VII as the Buddha.

Sculptural reliefs at twelfth- and thirteenth-century Buddhist temples were destroyed during the fourteenth century, suggesting a period of persecution against Buddhist. One author has suggested that this was retribution carried out by Theravada Buddhists against the Mahayana Buddhism that Jayavarman VII had embraced. A more common interpretation is that Hindus persecuted the Buddhists, and recarving of some Buddha images as Shiva lingas (Shiva’s phallus) may well substantiate this second assertion. What happened will probably never known with certainty, but the fourteenth century was the period when Cambodia became a Theravada Buddhist country.

With this rich history, Cambodian Buddhist art and antique Buddha statues are rare items currently. If you are willing to get any of these rare pieces of art, do visit our online catalog.

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Buddha Statues in our catalog

Antique bronze Ava Buddha statue

Antique bronze Ava Buddha statue

1550 euro
Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha

Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha

250 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

2750 euro
Old Nepali Buddha statue

Old Nepali Buddha statue

550 euro
Antique limestone Buddha

Antique limestone Buddha

325 euro
Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

2750 euro
Old Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

Old Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

450 euro
Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

3750 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

2250 euro
Large old wooden Buddha statue

Large old wooden Buddha statue

1250 euro
Antique marble Buddha statue

Antique marble Buddha statue

1750 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

3500 euro
High quality Nepali medicine Buddha statue

High quality Nepali medicine Buddha statue

525 euro
High quality Nepali Buddha statue

High quality Nepali Buddha statue

1450 euro
High quality Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

High quality Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

850 euro
Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha

Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha

750 euro
Antique Thailand Buddha statue

Antique Thailand Buddha statue

125 euro
Bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Bronze Nepali Buddha statue

175 euro
High quality Nepali Buddha statue

High quality Nepali Buddha statue

2450 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

1950 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

175 euro
Large bronze Thai Buddha statue

Large bronze Thai Buddha statue

2350 euro
Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha

Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha

1150 euro
Special antique Burmese Ava Buddha statue

Special antique Burmese Ava Buddha statue

5500 euro
Antique Japanese Amida Buddha statue

Antique Japanese Amida Buddha statue

2300 euro
Antique Burmese Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Buddha statue

550 euro
High quality Nepali Buddha statue

High quality Nepali Buddha statue

950 euro
Old Burmese Mandalay Buddha

Old Burmese Mandalay Buddha

650 euro
Antique marble Mandalay Buddha

Antique marble Mandalay Buddha

1600 euro
Antique Burmese Shan Buddha

Antique Burmese Shan Buddha

5450 euro
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