Asian art

Buddha Buddhism Cambodie

Antique Buddha Statues From Cambodia

Cambodia was the center of the Funan kingdom, which expanded into Burma and as far south as

bodhisattva-lokesvara-staute

Malaysia between the 3rd and 6th centuries. Its influence seems to have been essentially political, most of the cultural influence coming directly from India. Buddhist art occurred from a very early period (sixth-seventh century) in the Mekong delta region of modern-day Cambodia and Vietnam). Stylistically, this material prefigures the Khmer art created farther inland in what is now Cambodia. The extant works suggest that Cambodia, like other regions of Southeast Asia, knew of both Early Buddhist and Mahayana practices: images of bodhisattvas coexist with those of the Buddha.

In the ninth century, Jayavarman II (802) established the Khmer Angkorian kingdom in the region around present day Siem Reap. While generally Hindu, the Khmer royalty revered their ancestors, building monuments to commemorate them. They also established temples to the various Hindu gods, particularly Shiva, with whom they identified. Material remains suggest that Buddhism continued during the extent of the kingdom of Angkor (into the fourteenth century), but it was most evident in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, under the reign of Jayavarman VII (1181- c.1220).

A prolific builder and a Mahayana practitioner, Jayavarman VII constructed dozens of extensive temple complexes dedicated to the Buddha. One common image of the Buddha from this period depicts him with two bodhisattvasLokeshvara (who represents karuna, compassion) and Prajnaparamita (who represents prajna, wisdom). One tenet of Mahayana Buddhism is that one can attain enlightenment through the joining of wisdom and compassion, a belief given form in this triad (plate 39). Jayavarman’ commitment to this ideal is suggested in this construction of three temples: the firstm Ta Prohm, dedicated to his mother in the form of Prajnaparamita: Preah Khan, dedicated to his father in the form ofLokeshvara; and the Bayon, dedicated to himself. We can surmise that this last was dedicated to Jayavarman VII as the Buddha.

Sculptural reliefs at twelfth- and thirteenth-century Buddhist temples were destroyed during the fourteenth century, suggesting a period of persecution against Buddhist. One author has suggested that this was retribution carried out by Theravada Buddhists against the Mahayana Buddhism that Jayavarman VII had embraced. A more common interpretation is that Hindus persecuted the Buddhists, and recarving of some Buddha images as Shiva lingas (Shiva’s phallus) may well substantiate this second assertion. What happened will probably never known with certainty, but the fourteenth century was the period when Cambodia became a Theravada Buddhist country.

With this rich history, Cambodian Buddhist art and antique Buddha statues are rare items currently. If you are willing to get any of these rare pieces of art, do visit our online catalog.

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Buddha Statues in our catalog

Antique Shan Buddha on throne

Antique Shan Buddha on throne

2400 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

3950 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

275 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

1350 euro
Antique bronze Thai Lanna Buddha statue

Antique bronze Thai Lanna Buddha statue

975 euro
Old Buddha statue without face

Old Buddha statue without face

150 euro
18th century wooden Shan Buddha

18th century wooden Shan Buddha

3100 euro
Large antique Burmese Buddha statue

Large antique Burmese Buddha statue

3750 euro
Old bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

Old bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

1550 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

1450 euro
Antique Burmese Shan Buddha

Antique Burmese Shan Buddha

350 euro
Large andesite stone Buddha statue

Large andesite stone Buddha statue

2500 euro
Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

125 euro
Old Nepali bronze Buddha statue

Old Nepali bronze Buddha statue

275 euro
Antique Burmese Shan Buddha

Antique Burmese Shan Buddha

1450 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

2500 euro
Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

2350 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

400 euro
Large andesite stone Buddha statue

Large andesite stone Buddha statue

2500 euro
Bronze Nepali Aparmita Buddha statue

Bronze Nepali Aparmita Buddha statue

1250 euro
Antique bronze Burmese Buddha statue

Antique bronze Burmese Buddha statue

2750 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

400 euro
Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

275 euro
Old Nepali bronze Buddha statue

Old Nepali bronze Buddha statue

650 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

2500 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

2250 euro
Large old wooden Mandalay Buddha

Large old wooden Mandalay Buddha

2250 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

2500 euro
Large andesite stone Buddha statue

Large andesite stone Buddha statue

5500 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

275 euro
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